BYD

BYD Company

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For the automaker, see BYD Auto.
BYD Co Ltd
比亚迪股份有限公司
BYD Company logo.png
Type Public (SEHK: 1211, SZSE:002594)
Industry Rechargeable batteries andautomobile manufacturing
Founded 1995
Headquarters Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Area served China, Europe, America, and the Asia Pacific region.
Key people Founder, Chairman & CEOWang Chuanfu(王传福)
Products Gasoline and electric cars, battery-powered bicycles, rechargeable batteries and handset components.
Employees 130,000 in 2008[1]
Website BYD Company Limited

BYD Co Ltd (SEHK: 1211,SZSE: 002594) (simplified Chinese: 比亚迪股份有限公司;traditional Chinese: 比亞迪股份有限公司; pinyin: Bǐyàdí Gǔfēn Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī) is a Chinesemanufacturer of automobiles and rechargeable batteries[2] based inShenzhen, Guangdong province.[3]

Hailed for its innovations,[4] BYD has grown to become a major manufacturer of rechargeable batteries, most notably mobile phone batteries.[5]

BYD topped the 2010 Bloomberg Businessweek Tech 100 list, a list of large, fast-growing tech companies.[6]

Contents

[hide]

  • 1 Name
  • 2 History
    • 2.1 Early growth
    • 2.2 Automobiles
    • 2.3 Mobile phones
  • 3 Innovation
  • 4 Full hybrid automobiles
  • 5 Subsidiaries
    • 5.1 BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd
    • 5.2 Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd
    • 5.3 Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd
    • 5.4 Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company
    • 5.5 BYD Electronic Co Ltd
    • 5.6 BYD Electronic Hungary Kft
    • 5.7 Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd
  • 6 Production bases and facilities
  • 7 Legal disputes
  • 8 In the media
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

[edit]Name

The name BYD may be an acronym derived from either the company’s Chinese name[5] or from the phrase “build your dreams”.[7]

[edit]History

Founded in the February 1995[2] and listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchangeon July 31,[8] 2002,[9] BYD Co Ltd began as a rechargeable-battery factory competing in the Chinese market against Japanese imports.[5]

[edit]Early growth

BYD grew quickly; within ten years capturing more than half the world’s mobile-phone battery market[10] and becoming the largest Chinese manufacturer (and in the top four worldwide) of all types of rechargeable batteries.[5] Replacing work done by machines with cheap, local labor lowered costs,[10] and the company began expanding beyond batteries, adding automobiles and mobile phone components.

[edit]Automobiles

Main article: BYD Automobile

A year after the 2002 acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Co Ltd, BYD Automobile Co Ltd was born.[8] One of many Chinese automakers, in 2010 it was the sixth largest in terms of sales volume.[11]

[edit]Mobile phones

Main article: BYD Electronic

Mobile phone components were added to the BYD product line in the early 2000s. But this business, BYD Electronic, was spun off in 2007.[12]

[edit]Innovation

The company has been recognized for innovation; for example it has developed technologies that allow mobile phone batteries to be made at room temperature, rather than in expensive, heated dry rooms.[4]

In 2010, BusinessWeek ranked BYD the 8th most innovative company in the world, ahead of Ford; Volkswagen and BMW,[13] and that same year saw Fast Company ranking BYD as the 16th most innovative.[14]

[edit]Full hybrid automobiles

Seeking to utilize BYD battery production resources, in addition to gasoline-powered models BYD Automobile sells a full hybrid, the F3DM,[15] and hopes to sell all-electric vehicles in the future.[8]

[edit]Subsidiaries

The company has a number of subsidiaries, including BYD Auto. The following is an incomplete list.[1]

[edit]BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd

Trading in NiCd, NiMH and Li-ion batteries and related products,[1] it is a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd that in turn wholly owns Golden Link Worldwide Limited.[12]

  • Golden Link Worldwide Ltd -An investment holding company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands.[1] A wholly owned subsidiary of BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd,[16] itself a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd,[12] as of 2007 Golden Link held nearly 70% issued share capital of BYD Electronic (International) Co Ltd.[12]

[edit]Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd

Production and sale of NiMH and NiCD batteries, hardware products, instruments and flexible printed circuit boards[1]

[edit]Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd

Established in 2002,[17] it is responsible for the design, production and sale ofICs for use in the mobile phone industry.[18] It is registered as a Sino-foreign joint venture.[1]

[edit]Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company

On May 27, 2010, BYD and Daimler AG signed an agreement on establishing a 50/50 joint venture developing electric cars in China.[19]

[edit]BYD Electronic Co Ltd

An investment holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands[1]

[edit]BYD Electronic Hungary Kft

(“Hungary Electronic”) Originally Mirae Hungary Industrial Manufacturer Ltd, and responsible for the manufacture and sale of mobile handset components, BYD Electronic Hungary Kft was purchased from Mirae Industry Co Ltd on February 12, 2008.[1] Prior to the purchase, it manufactured handset housings for Nokia.[1]

[edit]Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd

A joint venture with Foshan Plastic Group Co Ltd and BYD (H.K) Co Ltd,[20] it manufactures material ion exchange membranes.[1]

[edit]Production bases and facilities

BYD has many production bases, including three locations in Shenzhen,[3] (one of which is in Kuichong, Longgang District, Shenzhen),[3] as well as sites inHuizhou,[3] Shanxi[2] and Shanghai.[2]

Auto production bases include an automobile assembly line in Xi’an, a module manufacturing plant in Beijing, an R&D center and nascent automobile assembly line in Shenzhen and an R&D center in Shanghai.[8]

US operations are limited to sales and marketing and can be found in Elk Grove Village, Illinois and San Francisco, California.[5] BYD has also acquired a site for a future North American headquarters in downtown Los Angeles.[21]

[edit]Legal disputes

BYD was unsuccessfully sued by Sony and Sanyo for patent infringement.[5]Foxconn has also brought a suit against the company for the same reason.[22]

[edit]In the media

  • In September 2008, MidAmerican Energy Holdings, a subsidiary of Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc., invested about US$230 million for a 10% (or 9.89%[23]) share of BYD, @ HK$8/share.[22]

[edit]See also

  • BYD Auto
  • BYD Electronic
  • Lithium iron phosphate battery

[edit]References

  1. a b c d e f g h i j “BYD Co Ltd 2008 Annual Report” (PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  2. a b c d Company Profile BYD Official Site
  3. a b c d BYD Co Ltd Company Brochure BYD Auto Official Site
  4. a b break all the rules: A special report on innovation in emerging markets; The charms of frugal innovation economist.com, Apr 15th 2010
  5. a b c d e f Marc Gunther (13 April 2009). “Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD”. Fortune. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  6. ^ “The Tech 100”. BusinessWeek.Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
  7. ^ A Small Showing, but With Big Dreams NICK BUNKLEY Published: January 12, 2009
  8. a b c d Company Profile BYD Auto Official Site
  9. ^ to BYD Company Introduction, BYD Official Site
  10. a b China, Inc. By Ted FishmanGoogle Books, page 215
  11. ^ China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars?thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
  12. a b c d “00a.Cover 2-30049e”(PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  13. ^ “The 50 Most Innovative Companies 2010”.BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  14. ^ “The World’s Most Innovative Companies 2010”. Fast Company.Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  15. ^ Technology Levels Playing Field in Race to Market Electric Car Wall Street Journal, A1, JANUARY 12, 2009
  16. ^ “Further Reorganisation Of The Be Group For The Proposed Spin-Off And Adjournment Of Egms In Respect Of The Proposed Spin-Off” (PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  17. ^ BYD Acquires SinoMOStradingmarkets.com Wed. October 08, 2008
  18. ^ BYD Said to Buy Wafer Assetstradingmarkets.com Wed. October 08, 2008
  19. ^ “BYD and Daimler in EV Joint Venture”. ChinaAutoWeb.com.
  20. ^ Foshan Plastic Group starts special cell production.(NEWSDESK: Cooperation)(Foshan Jinhui High-Tech Photoelectric Material Co. Ltd.) China Chemical Reporter, February 26, 2006
  21. ^ For Illinois location, see “Chinese Auto Maker BYD Locating its North American Headquarters Downtown on Figueroa”. blogdowntown. 2010-04-30. Archived from the original on 4 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
    • For California location, see”Chinese auto, solar firm BYD chooses LA as its US headquarters”. Contra Costa Times. 2010-04-30. Archivedfrom the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
  22. a b Joanne Chiu and Alison Leung (29 September 2008). “Buffett’s BYD endorsement sends shares soaring”. Reuters. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  23. ^ Car Designer Sees China’s Wheels Electric-powered BYD Press Release, 2009-5-12

[edit]External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: BYD Company
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